Main content area

The primary culture of mirror carp snout and caudal fin tissues and the isolation of Koi herpesvirus

Zhou, Jingxiang, Wang, Hao, Zhu, Xia, Li, Xingwei, Lv, Wenliang, Zhang, Dongming
In vitro cellular & developmental biology 2013 v.49 no.9 pp. 734-742
Cyprinid herpesvirus 3, Cyprinus carpio, blood serum, carp, cell culture, culture media, cytopathogenicity, electron microscopy, kidneys, polymerase chain reaction
The explosive Koi herpesvirus (KHV) epidemic has caused the deaths of a large number of carp and carp variants and has produced serious economic losses. The mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio var. specularis) exhibits strong environmental adaptability and its primary cells can be used to isolate KHV. This study utilized the tissue explant method to systematically investigate primary cell culture conditions for mirror carp snout and caudal fin tissues. We demonstrated that cells from these two tissue types had strong adaptability, and when cultured in Medium 199 (M199) containing 20% serum at 26 to 30°C, the cells from the snout and caudal fin tissues exhibited the fastest egress and proliferation. Inoculation of these two cell types with KHV-infected fish kidney tissues produced typical cytopathic effects; additionally, identification by electron microscopy, and PCR indicated that KHV could be isolated from both cell types.