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The influence of host fruit morphology on parasitization rates in the Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa
- Sivinski, J.
- Entomophaga : publication de la Commission internationale de lutte biologique contre les ennemis des cultures, C.I.L.B 1991 v.36 no.3 pp. 447
- Anastrepha suspensa, fruit flies, Diachasmimorpha longicaudata, parasitoids, parasitism, host-parasite relationships, host plants, fruits (plant anatomy), plant morphology, host seeking, larvae
- Among the host fruits of the Caribbean fruit fly there are a variety of sizes and shapes. These morphological differences may influence the vulnerability of the larvae to parasites. In the laboratory, Caribbean fruit fly larvae placed in the smaller of 2 different sizes of artificial 'fruit' (cloth spheres filled with a diet material) were parasitized at a higher rate by the braconid,Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead) when spheres were presented separately. However, when parasites were simultaneously presented with 6 different sizes of 'fruit' there was no significant relationship between size and parasitization rate. This may be due to the parasites preference to search for larvae in larger 'fruit'. In field collections of different species of host fruit, a significant inverse correlation exists between fruit radius and rate of parasitization. However, host fruit size accounts for only about 5% of the variance in yearly parasitization rates.