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Competitive adsorption in the system: carboxymethylcellulose/surfactant/electrolyte/Al₂O₃

Grządka, E.
Cellulose 2011 v.18 no.2 pp. 291-308
calcium chloride, calcium, aluminum oxide, cations, surfactants, carboxymethylcellulose, dissociation, adsorbents, electrostatic interactions, pH, sodium chloride, ionic strength, ionic liquids, octoxynol, adsorption
The adsorption of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) in the presence or absence of the surfactants: anionic SDS, nonionic Triton X-100 and their mixture SDS/TX-100 from the electrolyte solutions (NaCl, CaCl₂) on the alumina surface (Al₂O₃) was studied. In each measured system the increase of CMC adsorption in the presence of surfactants was observed. This increase was the smallest in the presence of SDS, a bit larger in the presence of Triton X-100 and the largest when the mixture of SDS/Triton X-100 was used. These results are a consequence of formation of complexes between the CMC and the surfactant particles. Moreover, the dependence between the amount of surfactants' adsorption and the CMC initial concentration was measured. It comes out that the surfactants' adsorption amount is not dependent on the CMC initial concentration and moreover, it is unchanged in the whole measured concentration range. The influence of kind of electrolyte, its ionic strength as well as pH of a solution on the amount of the CMC adsorption at alumina surface was also measured. The amount of CMC adsorption is larger in the presence of NaCl than in the presence of CaCl₂ as the background electrolyte. It is a result of the complexation reaction between Ca²⁺ ions and the functional groups of CMC belonging to the same macromolecule. As far as the electrolyte ionic strength is concerned the increase of CMC adsorption amount accompanying the increase of electrolyte ionic strength is observed. The reason for that is the ability of electrolyte cations to screen every electrostatic repulsion in the adsorption system. Another observation is that the increase of pH caused the decrease of CMC adsorption. The explanation of this phenomenon is connected with the influence of pH on both dissociation degree of polyelectrolyte and kind and concentration of surface active groups of the adsorbent.