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Acute toxic effects of an isolate of moniliformin-producing Fusarium oxysporum and purified moniliformin on rats

Abbas, H.K., Mirocha, C.J., Vesonder, R.F., Gunther, R.
Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology 1990 v.19 no.3 pp. 433
rats, Fusarium oxysporum, mycotoxins, feeds, toxicology
An isolate ofFusarium oxysporum (MT-6) was obtained from pasture soil in New Zealand in 1987. The isolate was grown on rice and fed to rats in a ratio of 50% and 10% of a complete diet. All rats died within 16 hr and showed mild intestinal and thymic hemorrhage. The major identifiable toxin was moniliformin found at a concentration of 9 mg/g in the rice culture. Purified crystals of moniliformin fed to rats at concentrations of 8, 5 and 3 mg/g of rat diet caused hemorrhaging in the intestines and death of 3 of 3 rats within 16 hr. Dietary concentrations of 2.5 and 2 mg/g of moniliformin killed 2 of 3 rats and concentrations of 1.5 and 1 mg/g killed 1 of 3 rats. No lesions were observed in 3 groups of 3 rats fed a diet containing 0.75, 0.5 or 0.25 mg/g of moniliformin. Intragastric intubation of moniliformin caused hemorrhage of the small intestine and death in 5 of 5 rats at each concentration of 100, 80, 60 and 40 mg/kg body weight and death of 4 of 5 rats at 20 mg/kg. No observable toxic effects were observed in groups of 5 rats each receiving 10, 5 and 2.5 mg of moniliformin/kg body weight.