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A simple cryopreservation protocol for in vitro-grown shoot tips of Chinese genuine red bud taro (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott Var. Cormosus CV. Hongyayu) by encapsulation-dehydration

Sen-Rong, Hong, Ming-Hua, Yin
Scientia horticulturae 2013 v.162 pp. 226-233
Colocasia esculenta, air flow, cryopreservation, encapsulation, indole butyric acid, photoperiod, regrowth, shoots, silica gel, sucrose, taro, water content
This study reports on the first use of an encapsulation dehydration procedure for the successful cryopreservation of in vitro-grown shoot tips of Chinese genuine red bud taro (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott var. cormosus CV. Hongyayu). After stock shoots were preconditioned on hormone-free MS medium with 0.29M sucrose for 8 weeks, shoot tips were excised and then encapsulated into alginate-gel beads. Encapsulated shoot tips were precultured in liquid MS medium supplemented with 3.5mgL−1 6-BA, 0.5mgL−1 IBA, 0.1mgL−1 GA3 and 0.75M sucrose for 2 days. Precultured beads were dehydrated to 18–19% moisture content (fresh weight basis) with silica gel or by laminar airflow prior to directly immersion in LN for 1 day. After rapidly rewarming in a 40°C water bath for 3min, cryopreserved shoot-tips was post-cultured in the dark for 3 days and then transferred to a 16h photoperiod. The average regeneration rate amounted to about 65%. Regrowth of cryopreserved shoot tips was not affected by the period of cryopreservation. Plants regenerated from cryopreserved shoot tips were morphologically normal. This encapsulation dehydration procedure will facilitate the routine use of the cryopreservation for shoot tips of Chinese genuine red bud taro.