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African rice (Oryza glaberrima): history and future potential
- Linares, O.F.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2002 v.99 no.25 pp. 16360-16365
- history, interspecific variation, crop production, rice, ethnobotany, Oryza sativa, varieties, flooded conditions, Oryza glaberrima, interspecific hybridization, Senegal
- The African species of rice (Oryza glaberrima) was cultivated long before Europeans arrived in the continent. At present, O. glaberrima is being replaced by the introduced Asian species of rice, Oryza sativa. Some West African farmers, including the Jola of southern Senegal, still grow African rice for use in ritual contexts. The two species of rice have recently been crossed, producing a promising hybrid.