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Arabidopsis thaliana contains two differentially expressed 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase genes, which encode microsomal forms of the enzyme

Enjuto, M., Balcells, L., Campos, N., Caelles, C., Arro, M., Boronat, A.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1994 v.91 no.3 pp. 927-931
Arabidopsis thaliana, messenger RNA, structural genes, amino acid sequences, gene expression, microsomes, hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductases, exons, endoplasmic reticulum
The enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR; EC catalyzes the first rate-limiting step in plant isoprenoid biosynthesis. Arabidopsis thaliana contains two genes, HMG1 and HMG2, that encode HMGR. We have cloned these two genes and analyzed their structure and expression. HMG1 and HMG2 consist of four exons and three small introns that interrupt the coding sequence at equivalent positions. The two genes share sequence similarity in the coding regions but not in the 5'- or 3'-flanking regions. BMG1 mRNA is detected in aH tissues, whereas the presence of HMG2 mRNA is restricted to young seedlings, roots, and inflorescences. The similarity between the two encoded proteins (HMGR1 and HMGR2) is restricted to the regions corresponding to the membrane and the catalytic domains. Arabidopsis HMGR2 represents a divergent form of the enzyme that has no counterpart among plant HMGRs characterized so far. By using a coupled in vitro transcription-translation assay, we show that both EMGR1 and EMGR2 are cotranslationally inserted into endoplasmic reticulum-derived microsomal membranes. Our results suggest that the endoplasmic reticulum is the only cell compartment for the targeting of HMGR in Arabidopsis and support the hypothesis that in higher plants the formation of mevalonate occurs solely in the cytosol.