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Protein crosslinking studies suggest that Rhizobium meliloti C4-dicarboxylic acid transport protein D, a sigma 54-dependent transcriptional activator, interacts with sigma 54 and the beta subunit of RNA polymerase
- Lee, J.H., Hoover, T.R.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1995 v.92 no.21 pp. 9702-9706
- Sinorhizobium meliloti, bacterial proteins, isomerization, binding proteins, DNA-directed RNA polymerase, transcription (genetics), promoter regions, transcriptional activation
- Rhizobium meliloti C4-dicarboxylic acid transport protein D (DCTD) activates transcription by a form of RNA polymerase holoenzyme that has sigma 54 as its sigma factor (referred to as E sigma 54). DCTD catalyzes the ATP-dependent isomerization of closed complexes between E sigma 54 and the dctA promoter to transcriptionally productive open complexes. Transcriptional activation probably involves specific protein-protein interactions between DCTD and E sigma 54. Interactions between sigma 54-dependent activators and E sigma 54 are transient, and there has been no report of a biochemical assay for contact between E sigma 54 and any activator to date. Heterobifunctional crosslinking reagents were used to examine protein-protein interactions between the various subunits of E sigma 54 and DCTD. DCTD was crosslinked to Salmonella typhimurium sigma 54 with the crosslinking reagents succinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylate and N-hydroxysulfosuccinimidyl-4-azidobenzoate. Cys-307 of sigma 54 was identified by site-directed mutagenesis as the residue that was crosslinked to DCTD. DCTD was also crosslinked to the beta subunit of Escherichia coli core RNA polymerase with succinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl)cyelohexane-1-carboxylate, but not with N-hydroxysulfosuccinimidyl-4-azidobenzoate. These data suggest that interactions of DCTD with sigma 54 and the beta subunit may be important for transcriptional activation and offer evidence for interactions between a (sigma 54-dependent activator and sigma 54, as well as the beta subunit of RNA polymerase.