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Centromere mapping and orientation of the molecular linkage map of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Singh, K., Ishi, T., Parco, A., Huang, N., Brar, D.S., Khush, G.S.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1996 v.93 no.12 pp. 6163-6168
restriction fragment length polymorphism, centromeres, linkage groups, Oryza sativa, chromosome mapping, genetic markers
Rice has become a model cereal plant for molecular genetic research. Rice has the most comprehensive molecular linkage maps with more than 2000 DNA markers and shows synteny and colinearity with the maps of other cereal crops. Until now, however, no information was available about the positions of centromeres and arm locations of markers on the molecular linkage map. Secondary and telotrisomics were used to assign restriction fragment length polymorphism markers to specific chromosome arms and thereby to map the positions of centromeres. More than 170 restriction fragment length polymorphism markers were assigned to specific chromosome arms through gene dosage analysis using the secondary and telotrisomics and the centromere positions were mapped on all 12 linkage groups. The orientations of seven linkage groups were reversed to fit the "short arm on top" convention and the corrected map is presented.