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Cell cycling and patterned cell proliferation in the Drosophila wing during metamorphosis

Milan, M., Campuzano, S., Garcia-Bellido, A.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1996 v.93 no.21 pp. 11687-11692
Drosophila melanogaster, wings, metamorphosis, cell differentiation, morphogenesis, larvae, pupae
In metamorphosing wing discs, progression through the cell cycle takes place, as in larval discs, in nonclonally derived clusters of cells synchronized in the same cell cycle stage. Contrary to early discs, there are temporal and spatial heterogeneities in cell proliferation associated with wing margin, vein, intervein, and middle intervein territories. Within these territories, there are no indications of a wave progression of the cell cycle. Mitotic orientations are, as in early discs, at random but there is a preferential allocation of postmitotic cells along the proximodistal axis, thus explaining the elongated shape of the resulting clones along this axis. Shapes of clones in mature discs and in evaginated wings are similar, thus excluding major morphogenetic movements during evagination. After the proliferative period, all the cells are arrested in G1 phase. The final number of cells of the wing is fixed independently of experimental perturbations that alter the cell division schedule. These results are discussed in the context of a model of wing morphogenesis.