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The MUR1 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana encodes an isoform of GDP-D-mannose-4,6-dehydratase, catalyzing the first step in the de novo synthesis of GDP-L-fucose

Bonin, C.P., Potter, I., Vanzin, G.F., Reiter, W.D.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1997 v.94 no.5 pp. 2085-2090
Arabidopsis thaliana, genetic transformation, restriction fragment length polymorphism, point mutation, Escherichia coli, alleles, structural genes, complementary DNA, recombinant proteins, amino acid sequences, gene expression, chromosome mapping, nucleotide sequences, mutants, enzyme activity, isozymes, guanosine diphosphate, fucose, hydro-lyases
GDP-L-fucose is the activated nucleotide sugar form of L-fucose, which is a constituent of many structural polysaccharides and glycoproteins in various organisms. The de novo synthesis of GDP-L-fucose from GDP-D-mannose encompasses three catalytic steps, a 4,6-dehydration, a 3,5-epimerization, and a 4-reduction. The mur1 mutant of Arabidopsis is deficient in L-fucose in the shoot and is rescued by growth in the presence of exogenously supplied L-fucose. Biochemical assays of the de novo pathway for the synthesis of GDP-L-fucose indicated that mur1 was blocked in the first nucleotide sugar interconversion step, a GDP-D-mannose-4,6-dehydratase. An expressed sequence tag was identified that showed significant sequence similarity to proposed bacterial GDP-D-mannose-4,6-dehydratases and was tightly linked to the mur1 locus. A full-length clone was isolated from a cDNA library, and its coding region was expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein exhibited GDP-D-mannose-4,6-dehydratase activity in vitro and was able to complement mur1 extracts in vitro to complete the pathway for the synthesis of GDP-L-fucose. All seven mur1 alleles investigated showed single point mutations in the coding region for the 4,6-dehydratase, confirming that it represents the MUR1 gene.