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Chemical complementation identifies a proton acceptor for redox-active tyrosine D in photosystem II

Kim, S.Y., Liang, J., Barry, B.A.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1997 v.94 no.26 pp. 14406-14411
free radicals, Cyanobacteria, photosystem II, polypeptides, tyrosine, histidine, hydrogen ions, infrared spectroscopy, imidazoles, chemical reactions, manganese, spectral analysis, Synechocystis, site-directed mutagenesis
Through the use of site-directed mutagenesis and chemical rescue, we have identified the proton acceptor for redox-active tyrosine D in photosystem II (PSII). Effects of chemical rescue on the tyrosyl radical were monitored by EPR spectroscopy. We also have acquired the Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum associated with the oxidation of tyrosine D and concomitant protonation of the acceptor. Mutant and isotopically labeled PSII samples are used to assign vibrational lines in the 3,600-3,100 cm-1 region to N-H modes of His-189 in the D2 polypeptide. When His-189 in D2 is changed to a leucine (HL189D2) in PSII, dramatic alterations of both EPR and FT-IR spectra are observed. When imidazole is introduced into HL189D2 samples, results from both EPR and FT-IR spectroscopy argue that imidazole is functionally reconstituted into an accessible pocket and that imidazole acts as a chemical mimic for His-189. Small perturbations of EPR and FT-IR spectra are consistent with access to this pocket in wild-type PSII, as well. Structures of the analogous site in bacterial reaction centers suggest that an accessible pocket, large enough to contain imidazole, is bordered by tyrosine D and His-189 in the D2 polypeptide. These data provide evidence that His-189 in the D2 polypeptide of PSII acts as a proton acceptor for redox-active tyrosine D and that proton transfer to the imidazole ring facilitates the efficient oxidation/reduction of tyrosine D.