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UV light selectively coinduces supply pathways from primary metabolism and flavonoid secondary product formation in parsley
- Logemann, E., Tavernaro, A., Schulz, W., Somssich, I.E., Hahlbrock, K.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2000 v.97 no.4 pp. 1903-1907
- recombinant DNA, Petroselinum crispum, carbon, flavonoids, ultraviolet radiation, promoter regions, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, gene expression, cell wall components, messenger RNA, complementary DNA, naringenin-chalcone synthase, amino acid sequences, biosynthesis, transgenic plants, biochemical pathways, oxidoreductases, reporter genes, beta-glucuronidase, fungi
- The UV light-induced synthesis of UV-protective flavonoids diverts substantial amounts of substrates from primary metabolism into secondary product formation and thus causes major perturbations of the cellular homeostasis. Results from this study show that the mRNAs encoding representative enzymes from various supply pathways are coinduced in UV-irradiated parsley cells (Petroselinum crispum) with two mRNAs of flavonoid glycoside biosynthesis, encoding phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and chalcone synthase. Strong induction was observed for mRNAs encoding glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (carbohydrate metabolism, providing substrates for the shikimate pathway), 3-deoxyarabinoheptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (shikimate pathway, yielding phenylalanine), and acyl-CoA oxidase (fatty acid degradation, yielding acetyl-CoA), and moderate induction for an mRNA encoding S-adenosyl-homocysteine hydrolase (activated methyl cycle, yielding S-adenosyl-methionine for B-ring methylation). Ten arbitrarily selected mRNAs representing various unrelated metabolic activities remained unaffected. Comparative analysis of acyl-CoA oxidase and chalcone synthase with respect to mRNA expression modes and gene promoter structure and function revealed close similarities. These results indicate a fine-tuned regulatory network integrating those functionally related pathways of primary and secondary metabolism that are specifically required for protective adaptation to UV irradiation. Although the response of parsley cells to UV light is considerably broader than previously assumed, it contrasts greatly with the extensive metabolic reprogramming observed previously in elicitor-treated or fungus-infected cells.