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Giant Stark effect in quantum dots at liquid/liquid interfaces: A new option for tunable optical filters
- Flatté, M.E., Kornyshev, A.A., Urbakh, M.
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2008 v.105 no.47 pp. 18212-18214
- absorption, electric field, electrochemistry, filters, optical properties, quantum dots
- Control of the fundamental absorption edge of a quantum dot with an applied electric field has been limited by the breakdown fields of the solid-state material surrounding the dot. However, much larger fields can be applied at the interface of two immiscible electrolytic solutions (ITIES) in an electrochemical cell. These electric fields also localize the quantum dots at the ITIES. Our analysis shows that semiconductor nanocrystals localized at the ITIES should have electric-field-tunable optical properties across much of the visible spectrum. The transparency of the liquids in such cells indicates that this configuration would be well suited for electrically tunable optical filters with wide-angle acceptance.