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Detritivorous crustaceans become herbivores on jasmonate-deficient plants

Author:
Farmer, Edward E., Dubugnon, Lucie
Source:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2009 v.106 no.3 pp. 935-940
ISSN:
0027-8424
Subject:
Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, rice, herbivores, defoliation, plant pests, Armadillidium vulgare, Porcellio scaber, chemical constituents of plants, jasmonic acid, leaves, pest resistance, stems, petioles, senescence
Abstract:
The jasmonate signal pathway is known to control defenses against herbivores, such as leaf eaters (folivores). Does the reach of the pathway extend to defense against other types of animal? Among the arthropods attracted to seed baits placed below flowering Arabidopsis thaliana plants are 2 largely nocturnal isopod crustaceans generally considered as detritivores: Porcellio scaber and Armadillidium vulgare. Parallel laboratory experiments identified the isopods as being capable of predation on intact plants. Isopod feeding was strongly facilitated in jasmonate-deficient Arabidopsis and rice plants. The feeding activity of isopods revealed potentially detritivore-sensitive, jasmonate-protected Achilles' heels in these architecturally different plants (petioles and inflorescence stems in Arabidopsis, and lower stem and mesocotyl in rice). The work addresses the question of what stops 2 detritivores from attacking living plants and provides evidence that it is, in part, the jasmonate signal pathway. Furthermore, senescent leaves from an Arabidopsis jasmonate mutant were consumed more rapidly than senescent wild-type leaves, suggesting that past activity of the jasmonate signal pathway in leaves may slow carbon recycling through detritivory.
Agid:
2363005