Main content area

Detection and Identification of Microorganisms in Mixed Cultures by Nanoparticle-Induced NanoSPR Enhanced FTIR Spectroscopy and Chemometrics

Wang, Q., Xiao, N., Yu, C.
Transactions of the ASABE 2010 v.53 no.3 pp. 999-1006
mixed culture, food matrix, apple juice, food microbiology, bacterial contamination, food pathogens, pathogen identification, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nanotechnology, surface plasmon resonance, new methods, methodology, algorithms, data analysis, Escherichia coli, strain differences, nanoparticles
Routine identification of pathogenic microorganisms predominantly based on nutritional and biochemical tests is a time-consuming process, but delay may lead to fatal consequences at times. In this work, nanoparticle-induced nanoSPR enhanced IR spectroscopy was used in conjunction with a background elimination data processing algorithm to directly identify microorganisms in mixed cultures. It was demonstrated that the microbial composition of mixtures of different E. coli strains could be accurately identified using our method, at a concentration level of 103 CFU mL-1. The procedure was also applied to determine the presence or absence of pathogenic microorganisms in a simple but real food matrix (apple juice). Results indicated that microorganisms in a cocktail of up to eight different species suspended in an apple juice matrix could be accurately identified for its presence or absence.