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Migration analysis of epoxidized soybean oil and other plasticizers in commercial lids for food packaging by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Part A Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment

Bueno-Ferrer, C., Jimenez, A., Garrigos, M.C.
Food additives & contaminants 2010 v.27 no.10 pp. 1469-1477
soybean oil, epoxides, food contamination, plasticizers, food packaging, packaging materials, packaging materials migration, food analysis, food composition, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, detection, polymers, food matrix, quantitative analysis, model food systems, poly(vinyl chloride), water, lipids, citrates, adipic acid
A modification of the method of Castle et al. (J. Chromatogr. 1988: 437:274-280) for the analysis of epoxidized soybean oil (ESBO) is proposed to simplify the analysis and reduce the time and consumption of reagents. The proposed modifications, particularly the elimination of the internal standard, resulted in a simpler, faster and more economical method. A complete analytical validation, including evaluation of the main analytical parameters, such as detection and quantification limits, linearity, working range, precision, accuracy and selectivity, was carried out. The data demonstrated the suitability of the proposed method for the determination of ESBO in polymer matrices. A specific migration study for ESBO in different food simulants (fat and aqueous) was carried out by applying the method to poly(vinyl chloride) materials prepared with known amounts of ESBO, as well as some commercial lids. High levels of migration of ESBO into fat simulants were found. In the case of commercial lids, in addition to ESBO, some other plasticizers such as citrates, adipates and sebacates were found and quantified to establish their migration under different conditions of use.