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Lipoxygenase pathway in cereals
- Gardner, H.W.
- Advances in cereal science and technology 1987 v.9 pp. 161-215
- grain crops, cultivars, histology, plant physiology, enzyme activity, lipid peroxidation, lipid metabolism, aldehydes, lipoxygenase, germ cells, high fructose corn syrup, isozymes, biosynthesis
- This review examines specifically the lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway, which includes the action of a number of sequential enzymes reactive with the product of LOX action. Cereal lipids are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids, making them substrates for LOX action. The topic is dealt with under the following headings: subcellular localization of lipids; sequential enzymic reactions; LOX (general properties, subcellular localization of LOX, wheat LOX, LOX in bread and pasta, barley LOX, rice LOX, rye LOX, oat LOX); hydroperoxide-reactive enzymes (hydroperoxide lyase, hydroperoxide isomerase, hydroperoxide cyclase, hydroxy fatty acids and lipoperoxidase, flour-isomerase, and other products.); and LOX pathways in physiology. [See FSTA (1988) 20 09M0002]