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Derivation of P–T paths for Middle–Late Triassic very low-grade metapelite from Hongcan Well 1 in the Zoigê Depression and their tectonic implications

Tang, Yan, Sang, Longkang, Liu, Rong, Yuan, Yanming, Yang, Yunlong, Qi, Xianmao, Tan, Jing
Chinese science bulletin 2014 v.59 no.1 pp. 82-99
calcite, chemical composition, chlorites, crystal structure, homogenization, illite, tectonics, temperature, China
Using XRD measurements of illite crystallinity, b₀values of K-rich white micas and chemical compositions of chlorites combined with homogenization temperatures of fluid inclusions in calcite, the metamorphic P–T conditions of very low-grade metapelites from different depths in the 7 km Hongcan Well 1 in the Zoigê Depression, Sichuan, China, have been obtained in this paper. Knowledge of the tectonic evolution of the studied basin allows us to derive geothermal curves for Middle and Late Triassic time (the geothermal peak) and the present day (from thermal logging of the borehole). The retrograde P–T tracks from clockwise P–T–t loops have been revealed by the plotting of individual samples on each geotherm, which can be interpreted by the lithospheric thickening due to sedimentation and folding followed by continuous uplift and erosion. A stratigraphic log indicates that the Well penetrates the steep limb of a fold which perturbed the peak geotherm and caused some P–T paths to cross.