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The Effects of Antihypertensive Drugs on Chromium Status, Glucose Metabolism, and Antioxidant and Inflammatory Indices in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats

Suliburska, Joanna, Krejpcio, Zbigniew, Staniek, Halina, Król, Ewelina, Bogdanski, Pawel, Kupsz, Justyna, Hertig, Iwona
Biological trace element research 2014 v.157 no.1 pp. 60-66
C-reactive protein, adverse effects, analysis of variance, antihypertensive effect, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, atomic absorption spectrometry, blood serum, chromium, diet, drugs, glucose, inflammation, insulin, kidneys, liver, mineral metabolism, rats, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
The long-term use of hypotensive drugs may cause side effects, including impaired glucose metabolism and mineral status. This study tested the hypothesis that some hypotensive drugs can affect tissular chromium levels and indices of glucose metabolic and antioxidant potential in rats. The experiment was performed on 40 male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), which were assigned to five groups: control (C), with perindopril (PR), with metoprolol (MT), with indapamide (ID), and with amlodipine (AM). All rats were provided ad libitum standard diet (with or without drugs) and distilled water for 45 days. Glucose and insulin levels, along with total antioxidant status (TAS) and concentrations of TNF-alpha and C-reactive protein, were assayed in serum. Chromium concentrations in the liver and kidney were determined using the flame atomic absorption spectrometry method. Detailed statistical analysis was performed using Statistica for Windows 10.0 (StatSoft, Poland). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by a post hoc Tukey test, was used to compare the data between groups. Treatment with indapamide and amlodipine resulted in significantly higher chromium concentrations in the liver and kidney (AM) of the rats, compared with the control group. A markedly higher concentration of glucose was found in the ID group. Treatment with amlodipine significantly increased TAS levels in serum and decreased TNF-alpha concentration in serum of the rats. A significant positive correlation between chromium concentration in tissues and serum TAS level was observed, as was a significant negative correlation between chromium concentration in the kidneys, and TNF-alpha and glucose levels in serum. In conclusion, the administration of amlodipine may lead to an increase in chromium accumulation in the internal organs, which is associated with increased antioxidant status and suppression of the inflammatory response of cells in SHRs.