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US strategy for forest management adaptation to climate change: building a framework for decision making

Sample, V. Alaric, Halofsky, Jessica E., Peterson, David L.
Annals of forest science 2014 v.71 no.2 pp. 125-130
biodiversity, climate change, coniferous forests, cost effectiveness, decision making, ecosystems, field experimentation, forest management, forest resources, human communities, issues and policy, models, risk, transportation, water resources, wildlife habitats, United States
CONTEXT : Recent policy changes in the USA direct agencies managing federal forests to analyze the potential effects of climate change on forest productivity, water resource protection, wildlife habitat, biodiversity, and other values. AIMS : This paper describes methods developed to (1) assess current risks, vulnerabilities, and gaps in knowledge; (2) engage internal agency resources and external partners in the development of options and solutions; and (3) manage forest resources for resilience, not just in terms of natural ecosystems but in affected human communities as well. METHODS : We describe an approach designed to characterize certain climate change effects on forests, and estimate the effectiveness of response options ranging from resistance to a realignment of management objectives. RESULTS : Field testing on a 6,300 km²area of conifer forest in the northwestern USA shows this decision model to be useful and cost-effective in identifying the highest sensitivities relating to vegetation management, biological diversity, water resources and forest transportation systems, and building consensus for adaptive strategies and actions. CONCLUSIONS : Results suggest that this approach is an effective means for guiding management decisions to adapt to the effects of climate change, and provides an empirical basis for setting budgetary and management priorities.