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Differential synthesis of peritoxins and precursors by pathogenic strains of the fungus Periconia circinata
- Churchill, A.C.L., Dunkle, L.D., Silbert, W., Kennedy, K.J., Macko, V.
- Applied and environmental microbiology 2001 v.67 no.12 pp. 5721
- Periconia circinata, mycotoxins, biosynthesis, strain differences, metabolites, strains, pathogenicity, Sorghum bicolor, bioassays
- Pathogenic strains of the soilborne fungus Periconia circinata produce peritoxins with host-selective toxicity against susceptible genotypes of sorghum. The peritoxins are low-molecular-weight, hybrid molecules consisting of a peptide and a chlorinated polyketide. Culture fluids from pathogenic, toxin-producing (Tox(+)) and nonpathogenic, non-toxin-producing (Tox(-)) strains were analyzed directly by gradient high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with photodiode array detection and HPLC-mass spectrometry to detect intermediates and final products of the biosynthetic pathway. This approach allowed us to compare the metabolite profiles of Tox(+) and Tox(-) strains. Peritoxins A and B and the biologically inactive intermediates, N-3-(E-pentenyl)-glutaroyl-aspartate, circinatin, and 7-chlorocircinatin, were detected only in culture fluids of the Tox(+) strains. The latter two compounds were produced consistently by Tox(+) strains regardless of the amount of peritoxins produced under various culture conditions. In summary, none of the known peritoxin-related metabolites were detected in Tox(-) strains, which suggests that these strains may lack one or more functional genes required for peritoxin biosynthesis.