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Detection of quantitative trait loci for body weight at 10 weeks from Philippine wild mice

Ishikawa, Akira, Matsuda, Yoichi, Namikawa, Takao
Mammalian genome 2000 v.11 no.10 pp. 824-830
Mus musculus, alleles, analysis of variance, backcrossing, body weight, chromosome mapping, epistasis, loci, males, mice, phenotypic variation, quantitative trait loci, Philippines
A genome-wide scan for quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling body weight at 10 weeks after birth was carried out in a population of 387 intersubspecific backcross mice derived from a cross between C57BL/6J inbred mice (Mus musculus domesticus) and wild mice (M. m. castaneus) captured in the Philippines, in order to discover novel QTLs from the wild mice that have about 60% lower body weight than C57BL/6J. By interval mapping, we detected four QTLs: a highly significant QTL on Chromosome (Chr) 2, which was common in both sexes; two significant QTLs on Chr 13, one male-specific and the other female-specific; and a suggestive male-specific QTL on X Chr. By composite interval mapping, we confirmed the presence of the three QTLs on Chrs 2 and 13, but not of the male-specific X-linked QTL. The composite interval mapping analysis newly identified three QTLs: a significant male-specific QTL on Chr 11 and two highly significant female-specific QTLs on Chrs 9 and X. Individual QTLs explained 3.8–11.6% of the phenotypic variance, and all the QTL alleles derived from the wild mice decreased body weight. A two-way analysis of variance revealed a significant epistatic interaction between the Chr 2 QTL and the background marker locus D12Mit4 on Chr 12 only in males. The interaction effect unexpectedly increased body weight. The chromosomal region containing the Chr 2 QTL did not coincide with those of growth or fatness QTLs mapped in previous studies. These results suggest that a population of wild mice may play an important role as new sources of valuable QTLs.