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Genetic linkage analysis of X-ray hypersensitivity in the LEC mutant rat

Agui, T., Miyamoto, T., Jung, C.-G., Tsumagari, T., Masuda, K., Manabe, T.
Mammalian genome 2000 v.11 no.10 pp. 862-865
DNA, DNA repair, X-radiation, backcrossing, genes, humans, hypersensitivity, loci, mice, mutants, mutation, phenotype, progeny, quantitative trait loci, rats, yeasts
The LEC rat has been reported to exhibit X-ray hypersensitivity and deficiency in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. The present study was performed to map the locus responsible for this phenotype, the xhs (X-ray hypersensitivity), as the first step in identifying the responsible gene. Analysis of the progeny of (BN × LEC)F₁× LEC backcrosses indicated that the X-ray hypersensitive phenotype was controlled by multiple genetic loci in contrast to the results reported previously. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) linkage analysis revealed two responsible loci located on Chromosomes (Chr) 4 and 1. QTL on Chr 4 exhibited very strong linkage to the X-ray hypersensitive phenotype, while QTL on Chr 1 showed weak linkage. The Rad52 locus, mutation of which results in hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation and impairment of DNA DSB repair in yeast, was reported to be located on the synteneic regions of mouse Chr 6 and human Chr 12. However, mapping of the rat Rad52 locus indicated that it was located 23 cM distal to the QTL on Chr 4. Furthermore, none of the radio-sensitivity-related loci mapped previously in the rat chromosome were identical to the QTL on Chrs 4 and 1 in the LEC rat. Thus, it seems that X-ray hypersensitivity in the LEC rat is caused by mutation(s) in as-yet-undefined genes.