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Physical distribution of translocation breakpoints in homoeologous recombinants induced by the absence of the Ph1 gene in wheat and triticale

Lukaszewski, A.J.
Theoretical and applied genetics 1995 v.90 no.5 pp. 714-719
Triticum aestivum, triticale, chromosome translocation, chromosomes, structural genes, genetic recombination, mutation
The physical distribution of translocation breakpoints was analyzed in homoeologous recombinants involving chromosomes 1A, 1B, 1D of wheat and 1R of rye, and the long arms of chromosome 7S of Aegilops speltoides and 7A of wheat. Recombination between homoeologues was induced by removal of the Ph1 gene. In all instances, translocation breakpoints were concentrated in the distal ends of the chromosome arms and were absent in the proximal halves of the arms. The relationship between the relative distance from the centromere and the relative homoeologous recombination freguency was best explained by the function f(x)=0.0091e (0.0592X). The pattern of recombination in homoeologous chromosomes was essentially the same as in homologues except that there were practically no double exchanges. Among 313 recombinant chromosomes, only one resulted from a double crossing-over. The distribution of translocation breakpoints in translocated arms indicated that positive chiasma interference operated in homoeologous recombination. This implies that the reduction of the length of alien chromosome segments present in translocations with wheat chromosomes may be more difficult than the production of the original recombinants.