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Mapping loci controlling vernalization requirement and flowering time in Brassica napus

Ferreira, M.E., Satagopan, J., Yandell, B.S., Williams, P.H., Osborn, T.C.
Theoretical and applied genetics 1995 v.90 no.5 pp. 727-732
Brassica napus, loci, chromosome mapping, linkage groups, restriction fragment length polymorphism, linkage (genetics), vernalization
Rapeseed cultivars (Brassica napus L.) can be classified into annual and biennial groups according to their requirement for vernalization in order to induce flowering. The genetic control of these phenotypic differences is not well understood, but this information could be valuable for the design of breeding approaches to accelerate rapeseed improvement. In order to map loci controlling this variation, a doubled haploid population, derived from a cross between annual and biennial cultivars, was evaluated for vernalization requirement and days-to-flowering in a replicated field experiment using three treatments: no vernalization, 4 weeks of vernalization and 8 weeks of vernalization. A linkage map of 132 RFLP loci was used to locate loci controlling these traits. Marker segregation in one region of linkage group 9 was strongly associated with the annual/biennial growth habit in the unvernalized treatment and with days-to-flowering in all three treatments. Two other regions with smaller effects on days-to-flowering were also identified.