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Extension and use of a physical map of the Thinopyrum-derived Lr19 translocation

Groenewald, J. Z., Fourie, M., Marais, A. S., Marais, G. F.
Theoretical and applied genetics 2005 v.112 no.1 pp. 131-138
Triticum aestivum, wheat, Elytrigia, chromosome translocation, mutants, lines, physical chromosome mapping, genes, disease resistance, rust diseases, genetic markers, amplified fragment length polymorphism, restriction fragment length polymorphism, microsatellite repeats, genetic recombination, chromosome mapping
Twenty-nine deletion mutant lines were used to extend a physical map of the Lr19 translocated chromosome segment. One hundred and forty-four Sse8387I/MseI and 32 EcoRI/MseI primer combinations were used to obtain 95 Thinopyrum-specific AFLP markers. The physical map confirmed that terminal deletions had mostly occurred, however, it appears that intercalary deletions and primer or restriction site mutations were also induced. The markers allowed for grouping of the deletion mutant lines into 19 clusters, with 7 AFLP markers mapping in the same marker bin as Lr19. Primary and secondary Lr19 allosyndetic recombinants were subsequently physically mapped employing AFLP, RFLP, SCAR and microsatellite markers and the data integrated with the deletion map. A further shortened, tertiary Lr19 recombinant was derived following homologous recombination between the proximally shortest secondary recombinant, Lr19-149-299, and distally shortest recombinant, Lr19-149-478. The tertiary recombinant could be confirmed employing the mapped markers and it was possible to identify new markers on this recombinant that can be used to reduce the translocation still further.