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Adsorption of insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Kurstaki by some Chinese soils: effects of organic acid ligands addition
- Fu, Qingling, Hu, Hongqing, Chen, Shouwen, Huang, Qiaoyun, Liang, Wei
- Plant and soil 2007 v.296 no.1-2 pp. 35-41
- Alfisols, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Oxisols, Ultisols, acetates, adsorption, citrates, desorption, ligands, molecular weight, oxalates, particle size, phosphates, sodium chloride, sorption isotherms, China
- We have investigated the effects of low molecular weight organic acid ligands on the adsorption of the insecticidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) by the colloidal (<2 μm particle-size) fraction of some soils. The desorption of the bound toxin by NaCl and phosphate buffer has also been measured. The soils used were a red soil (Ultisol), a latosol (Oxisol), a yellow brown soil (Alfisol) and a yellow cinnamon soil (Alfisol) from central and southern China. The adsorption isotherms were all of the L-type, and the data fitted the Langmuir equation (R² > 0.97). When present at low concentrations, organic acids (acetate, oxalate, citrate) had an inhibitory effect on toxin adsorption. Uptake, however, was promoted when the organic acid concentration exceeded 10 mM. The toxin was very strongly bound by the soils but the soil-toxin interaction weakened in the presence of organic acids. A small portion of the toxin was adsorbed by electrostatic and ligand exchange interactions. The addition of organic acids appeared to enhance these interactions.