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Screening of microbial esterases for asymmetric hydrolysis of 2-ethylhexyl butyrate
- Hou, C.T.
- Journal of industrial microbiology 1993 v.11 no.2 pp. 73
- Actinomycetales, bacteria, yeasts, esterases, hydrolysis, enzyme activity, screening, stereochemistry, yields
- A pH indicator agar plate method was used to screen for esterase activities for hydrolysis of 2-ethylhexyl butyrate. Seven hundred and fifty-seven selected microbial cultures, including 325 bacteria and 432 yeasts and actinomycetes from the ARS Culture Collection, were screened. Among them, 62 cultures hydrolyzed 2-ethylhexyl butyrate. Of these strains only 17 showed lipase activity on a rhodamine B lipase screen. The reaction products, 2-ethyl-1-hexanol and n-butyric acid, were confirmed by gas-liquid chromatography (GC) and GC/MS analyses. The yield of 2-ethyl-1-hexanol varied depending on the strains of the microorganisms, with the highest yield at 79.1%. by a strain of Pseudomonas myxogenes. Product analyses with a cyclodextrin GC chiral column showed that two strains of Pseudomonas produced greater than 80% enantiomeric excess of S(+)-2-ethyl-1-hexanol.