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Construction and Characterization of Listeria monocytogenes Mutants with In-Frame Deletions in the Response Regulator Genes Identified in the Genome Sequence
- Williams, Tatjana, Bauer, Susanne, Beier, Dagmar, Kuhn, Michael
- Infection and immunity 2005 v.73 no.5 pp. 3152-3159
- Bacillus subtilis, Listeria monocytogenes, bacteria, gene expression, mice, mutants, nucleotide sequences, prokaryotic cells, regulator genes, virulence
- Two-component systems are widely distributed in prokaryotes where they control gene expression in response to diverse stimuli. To study the role of the sixteen putative two-component systems of Listeria monocytogenes systematically, in frame deletions were introduced into 15 out of the 16 response regulator genes and the resulting mutants were characterized. With one exception the deletion of the individual response regulator genes has only minor effects on in vitro and in vivo growth of the bacteria. The mutant carrying a deletion in the ortholog of the Bacillus subtilis response regulator gene degU showed a clearly reduced virulence in mice, indicating that DegU is involved in the regulation of virulence-associated genes.