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Autoinducer-2 of the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora and other plant-associated bacteria
- Mohammadi, Mojtaba, Geider, Klaus
- FEMS microbiology letters 2007 v.266 no.1 pp. 34-41
- DNA, Erwinia amylovora, Erwinia pyrifoliae, Escherichia coli, Pantoea stewartii, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. atrosepticum, Pseudomonas syringae, Salmonella Typhimurium, Vibrio harveyi, bacteria, genes, mutants, pathogens, pathovars, polymerase chain reaction
- Autoinducers are important for cellular communication of bacteria. The luxS gene has a central role in the synthesis of autoinducer-2 (AI-2). The gene was identified in a shotgun library of Erwinia amylovora and primers designed for PCR amplification from bacterial DNA. Supernatants of several Erwinia amylovora strains were assayed for AI-2 activity with a Vibrio harveyi mutant and were positive. Many other plant-associated bacteria also showed AI-2 activity such as Erwinia pyrifoliae and Erwinia tasmaniensis. The luxS genes of several bacteria were cloned, sequenced, and complemented Escherichia coli strain DH5α and a Salmonella typhimurium mutant, both defective in luxS, for synthesis of AI-2. Assays to detect AI-2 activity in culture supernatants of several Pseudomonas syringae pathovars failed, which may indicate the absence of AI-2 or synthesis of another type. Several reporter strains did not detect synthesis of an acyl homoserine lactone (AHL, AI-1) by Erwinia amylovora, but confirmed AHL-synthesis for Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica and Pantoea stewartii.