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Consumption of Camembert cheese stimulates commensal enterococci in healthy human intestinal microbiota

Firmesse, Olivier, Rabot, Sylvie, Bermúdez-Humarán, Luis G., Corthier, Gérard, Furet, Jean-Pierre
FEMS microbiology letters 2007 v.276 no.2 pp. 189-192
Camembert cheese, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Escherichia coli, dairy consumption, endocarditis, feces, gastrointestinal system, humans, intestinal microorganisms, meat products, meningitis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction
Enterococci are natural inhabitants of the human gastrointestinal tract and the main Gram-positive and facultative anaerobic cocci recovered in human faeces. They are also present in a variety of fermented dairy and meat products, and some rare isolates are responsible for severe infections such as endocarditis and meningitis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Camembert cheese consumption by healthy human volunteers on the faecal enterococcal population. A highly specific real-time quantitative PCR approach was designed and used to type enterococcal species in human faeces. Two species were found, Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium, and only the Enterococcus faecalis population was significantly enhanced after Camembert cheese consumption, whereas Escherichia coli population and the dominant microbiota remained unaffected throughout the trial.