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Feasibility of growing Moringa oleifera as a mix-crop along with tomato for control of Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis in Egypt

Author:
Ismail, A.E.
Source:
Archives of phytopathology and plant protection 2013 v.46 no.12 pp. 1403-1407
ISSN:
1477-2906
Subject:
Meloidogyne incognita, Moringa oleifera, Rotylenchulus reniformis, greenhouses, medicinal plants, root galls, roots, seedlings, tomatoes, Egypt
Abstract:
Impact of nematicidal potential of drumstick, Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae), as a medicinal plant (1–4 plants per pot) is obtained when it is used as a mix-crop along with tomato cv. Super Strain B against Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis was evaluated under a greenhouse conditions (30 ± 5 °C) at the National Research Centre, Egypt. The nematodes final population and their rate of build-up as well as the root gall index were significantly affected by the number of moringa plants when grown with tomato together. There was a negative correlation between the number of moringa seedlings and the final population of both nematodes. The lowest nematode final population and rate of build-up were determined at the highest number of moringa plants (four plants per pot). The highest number of root gall index (4.1) was found on roots of tomato grown alone, while, the lowest one (0.6) was found on roots of tomato grown with four plants of moringa. This type of control is considered easy, inexpensive and pollution-free.
Agid:
258005