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Effects of deer debarking on masting and trunk radial growth of Hondo spruce, Picea jezoensis var. hondoensis, in a subalpine forest of central Japan

Author:
Shibata, E.
Source:
Forest ecology and management 2007 v.252 no.1-3 pp. 159-164
ISSN:
0378-1127
Subject:
forest trees, bark, Picea jezoensis, tree damage, Cervus nippon, deer, browsing, seed cones, seed productivity, tree growth, tree trunk, conifers, coniferous forests, Japan
Agid:
2589818