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Leaf volatiles and secretory cells of Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt et Smith (Zingiberaceae)

Victório, C.P., Arruda, R. do Carmo de O., Riehl, C.A.S., Lage, C.L.S.
Natural product research 2011 v.25 no.10 pp. 939-948
Alpinia zerumbet, alkanes, benzyladenine, cineole, cytokinins, food industry, gamma-terpinene, headspace analysis, indole acetic acid, kinetin, leaves, mesophyll, micropropagation, odors, oils, plantlets, sabinene, thidiazuron, traditional medicine, volatile compounds
Plant leaves are commonly used in folk medicine and food industry. Their volatile composition is an important determinant in such applications. However, to properly assess the quality of volatiles, proper analytic tools must be utilised. Accordingly, the static headspace technique was used to evaluate the main volatiles emitted from in vitro-grown Alpinia zerumbet plants cultured with indole-3-acetic acid, thidiazuron, benzyladenine or kinetin, under standard physical conditions, as compared to those of field-grown donor plants. Although the leaf aroma of the donor plants was found to be a complex mixture, mainly consisting of sabinene, α and γ-terpinene, 1,8-cineole and caryophyllene, volatile analyses from most of the in vitro samples only revealed the presence of sabinene and caryophyllene. Many alkanes were found in the aromas after treating plantlets with cytokinins. Histochemical analysis of leaf sections was also carried out. Secretory cells found in the epidermis and mesophyll showed a strong positive reaction to lipophilic compounds using Oil red and Nile blue reagents. These findings demonstrated how in vitro conditions may alter the quality of volatiles in micropropagation systems, while leaf anatomy analysis revealed a large quantity of oil cells in the mesophyll as a constant feature responsible for the production of volatile compounds in both donor and in vitro-grown plants.