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Differential expression of alkaline and neutral invertases in response to environmental stresses: characterization of an alkaline isoform as a stress-response enzyme in wheat leaves

Vargas, Walter A., Pontis, Horacio G., Salerno, Graciela L.
Planta 2007 v.226 no.6 pp. 1535-1545
Lolium temulentum, beta-fructofuranosidase, cold stress, complementary DNA, gene expression regulation, hexoses, hydrolysis, leaves, metabolism, nucleotide sequences, osmotic stress, pH, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, stress response, sucrose, wheat
It is well accepted that sucrose (Suc) metabolism is involved in responses to environmental stresses in many plant species. In the present study we showed that alkaline invertase (A-Inv) expression is up-regulated in wheat leaves after an osmotic stress or a low-temperature treatment. We demonstrated that the increase of total alkaline/neutral Inv activity in wheat leaves after a stress could be due to the induction of an A-Inv isoform. Also, we identified and functionally characterized the first wheat cDNA sequence that codes for an A-Inv. The wheat leaf full-length sequence encoded a protein 70% similar to a neutral Inv of Lolium temulentum; however, after functional characterization, it resulted to encode a protein that hydrolyzed Suc to hexoses with an optimum pH of 8, and, consequently, the encoding sequence was named Ta-A-Inv. By RT-PCR assays we demonstrated that Ta-A-Inv expression is induced in response to osmotic and cold stress in mature primary wheat leaves. We propose that Ta-A-Inv activity could play an important role associated with a more efficient cytosolic Suc hydrolysis during environmental stresses.