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Tobacco mosaic virus in Jalapeno Pepper in New York

Murphy, J.F., Zitter, T.A., Erb, A.
Plant disease 2003 v.87 no.2 pp. 202
Alfalfa mosaic virus, Capsicum annuum, Cucumber mosaic virus, Impatiens necrotic spot virus, Pepper mild mottle virus, Pepper mottle virus, Potato virus Y, Tobacco etch virus, Tobacco mosaic virus, Tobacco ringspot virus, Tomato ringspot virus, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fruit drop, leaves, pepper, plant pathology, ripening, sampling, viruses, Indiana, New York
Jalapeno pepper plants (Capsicum annuum cv. Jaladuro) grown in Erie County, New York expressed chlorotic oak-leaf patterns along the primary vein of fully expanded leaves. Fruit had patterns of irregular ripening with a bumpy surface. Symptom expression was most obvious in August 2002, when leaf and fruit abscission occurred. Symptomatic fruit samples were tested by western blot analysis for the presence of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Potato virus Y (PVY), Pepper mottle virus (PepMoV), Tobacco etch virus (TEV), and Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). A positive reaction for TMV, but none of the other viruses, was observed. Symptomatic leaf samples were tested by Agdia, Inc. (Elkhart, IN) for Alfalfa mosaic virus, CMV, Impatiens necrotic spot virus, Pepper mild mottle virus, PepMoV, PVY, TEV, TMV, Tobacco ringspot virus, Tomato ringspot virus, and TSWV and for potyviruses using a group-specific test. The Agdia test confirmed that the pepper plants were infected with TMV. The pepper field where the original samples were collected was surveyed for TMV-infected plants. Fifty symptomatic plants expressing foliar and fruit symptoms similar to those originally tested, and 50 asymptomatic plants were sampled by collection of three leaves per plant and tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the presence of TMV. All symptomatic plants and 18% of asymptomatic plants tested positive for TMV. To our knowledge, this is the first occurrence of TMV causing losses in commercially grown pepper in New York.