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Long-Term Influence of Tillage and Fertilization on Net Carbon Dioxide Exchange Rate on Two Soils with Different Textures

Feiziene, Dalia, Feiza, Virginijus, Slepetiene, Alvyra, Liaudanskiene, Inga, Kadziene, Grazina, Deveikyte, Irena, Vaideliene, Asta
Journal of environmental quality 2011 v.40 no.6 pp. 1787-1796
NPK fertilizers, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide production, carbon sequestration, conventional tillage, environmental factors, field experimentation, greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gases, no-tillage, reduced tillage, sandy loam soils, soil organic carbon, soil temperature, soil texture, soil water content, water content, Lithuania
The importance of agricultural practices to greenhouse gas mitigation is examined worldwide. However, there is no consensus on soil organic carbon (SOC) content and CO2 emissions as affected by soil management practices and their relationships with soil texture. No-till (NT) agriculture often results in soil C gain, though, not always. Soil net CO2 exchange rate (NCER) and environmental factors (SOC, soil temperature [Tsoil], and water content [Wsoil]), as affected by soil type (loam and sandy loam), tillage (conventional, reduced, and NT), and fertilization, were quantified in long-term field experiments in Lithuania. Soil tillage and fertilization affected total CO2 flux (heterotrophic and autotrophic) through effect on soil SOC sequestration, water, and temperature regime. After 11 yr of different tillage and fertilization management, SOC content was 23% more in loam than in sandy loam. Long-term NT contributed to 7 to 27% more SOC sequestration on loam and to 29 to 33% more on sandy loam compared with reduced tillage (RT) or conventional tillage (CT). Soil water content in loam was 7% more than in sandy loam. Soil gravimetric water content, averaged across measurement dates and fertilization treatments, was significantly less in NT than CT and RT in both soils. Soil organic carbon content and water storage capacity of the loam and sandy loam soils exerted different influences on NCER. The NCER from the sandy loam soil was 13% greater than that from the loam. In addition, NCER was 4 to 9% less with NT than with CT and RT systems on both loam and sandy loam soils. Application of mineral NPK fertilizers promoted significantly greater NCER from loam but suppressed NCER by 15% from sandy loam.