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Phenolic Profile, Antioxidant Capacity, and Antimicrobial Activity of Leaf Extracts from Six Vitis vinifera L. Varieties
- Katalinic, Višnja, Mozina, Sonja Smole, Generalic, Ivana, Skroza, Danijela, Ljubenkov, Ivica, Klancnik, Anja
- International journal of food properties 2013 v.16 no.1 pp. 45-60
- antimicrobial properties, chemical composition, leaf extracts, vines, grapes, stilbenes, phenols, Salmonella Infantis, flavonols, leaves, Bacillus cereus, Vitis vinifera, anti-infective agents, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli
- The phenolic composition, antioxidant activity, and antimicrobial activity of extracts from vine leaves of six grape varieties collected in May, August, and September was studied. The phenolic potential of the extracts was dependent on variety and picking-time. Extracts of leaves collected in September were the richest in total phenols, flavonoids, flavonols, and stilbenes. The antioxidant properties determined by ferric reducing antioxidant power and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assays, and antimicrobial activity against Stapylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella Infantis were good and in correlation with the chemical composition changes of the leaf extracts. The results indicated that leaves remaining on the vine in September after the grape harvest could be especially promising as an inexpensive source of effective antioxidant/antimicrobial agents.