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Preparation of starch esters of herbicides and their evaluation as slow-release agents
- McGuire, T.A., Wing, R.E., Doane, W.M.
- Die Stärke = 1981 v.33 no.4 pp. 138
- picloram, starch, esters, herbicides, slow-release fertilizers, starch products, acid hydrolysis, chlorides, starch gels, Lactuca sativa, soil treatment, pesticide application, plant growth, sowing, plant development, pesticide formulations
- A number of starch esters of various herbicides were prepared from an activated pregelatinized starch and the acid chlorides of the respective herbicides. Picloram was released from aqueous suspensions of the ester, to which non-sterile soil was added, in sufficient amount to inhibit lettuce growth. Application of the suspensions to a sterile soil at a rate equivalent to 5 kg picloram/ha was phytotoxic to lettuce for at least three seedings over 48 days. Similar results were obtained by incorporating the solid herbicide ester directly into non-sterile soil. In non-sterile soil, pregelatinized starch picloram esters hydrolyze more readily than unmodified starch picloram esters.