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Effect of rice blast and sheath blight on physical properties of selected rice cultivars

Candole, B.L., Siebenmorgen, T.J., Lee, F.N., Cartwright, R.D.
Cereal chemistry 2000 v.77 no.5 pp. 535-540
Magnaporthe grisea, Thanatephorus cucumeris, adverse effects, blast disease, blight, bulk density, cultivars, grain yield, inflorescences, milling quality, rough rice, seeds, water content
Observations in 1997 indicated a significant reduction in kernel bulk density and head rice yield of rice cultivar LaGrue due to blast (Pyricularia grisea). A more detailed study on rice cultivar M202 in 1998 confirmed such observations but it also showed negative effects of blast on other physical properties of rice. Rough rice from blast-infected panicles was drier by 7-10 percentage points and 10% thinner than rough rice from blast-free panicles. Blast also caused incidences of chalky, unfilled, and fissured kernels that were 21, 30, and 7 percentage points higher, respectively. The effects of sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani) on kernel thickness and moisture content of rice cultivars Cocodrie, Cypress, Drew, and LaGrue were similar to the effect of blast on M202. Sheath blight generally reduced kernel bulk density but did not significantly affect head rice yield of the cultivars in 1997 and 1998 (except in one sample of Drew). There was a general trend toward higher incidences of unfilled, chalky, and fissured kernels in sheath-blight-infected samples. The data indicated that blast could be a significant preharvest factor in causing high variability in physical properties as well as in reducing the milling quality of rice. Sheath blight is also a potentially significant preharvest factor in affecting these properties in situations where sheath blight pressure is high.