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Influence of added starch on mixing of dough made with three wheat flours differing in high molecular weight subunit composition: rheological behavior

Author:
Larsson, H., Eliasson, A.C., Johansson, E., Svensson, G.
Source:
Cereal chemistry 2000 v.77 no.5 pp. 633-639
ISSN:
0009-0352
Subject:
deformation, dough, gluten, mixing, molecular weight, starch granules, storage modulus, stress relaxation, viscosity, wheat flour
Abstract:
The effect of mixing time (6 and 20 min) and starch content were studied on doughs prepared with three wheat flours differing in high molecular weight subunit composition. Rheological measurements were performed in dynamic oscillation: frequency and strain sweeps, stress relaxation, and in large deformation viscosity measurements. The flours were diluted with starch to cover flour protein contents of 10-15%. Water was added to keep the starch-water ratio constant when doughs were prepared with different protein contents. By increasing the starch content of the doughs, the rheological properties approached those of a starch-water mixture prepared with the same starch-water ratio as in the dough. The effect of the starch granules was reinforced by prolonged mixing. This may explain the higher values of the storage modulus and relaxation times observed after 20 min of mixing. Qualities related to gluten properties, appeared more clearly in large deformation viscosity measurements.
Agid:
2685660