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The kinetics of Lagenidium giganteum growth in liquid and solid cultures

May, B.A., VanderGheynst, J.S., Rumsey, T.
Journal of applied microbiology 2006 v.101 no.4 pp. 807-814
Culicidae, DNA, Lagenidium giganteum, biomass, carbon dioxide, commercialization, logit analysis, metabolism, models, prediction, production technology, shelf life, specific growth rate
Production of the mosquito biolarvacide Lagenidium giganteum in solid culture has been proposed as an economic alternative to production in liquid culture because of observations of improved shelf life and efficacy upon storage. Understanding the differences between these production systems and estimating growth rate in solid culture are important for commercialization. In order to address these needs a logistic model was developed to describe the growth kinetics of L. giganteum produced in solid and liquid cultures. Kinetic parameters in the logistic model were estimated by nonlinear regression of CO₂ evolution rate (CER) and biomass data from solid and liquid cultivation experiments. Lagenidium giganteum biomass was measured using DNA extracted directly from samples. The logistic model was fit to experimental biomass and CER data with low standard errors for parameter estimates. The model was validated in two independent experiments by examining prediction of biomass using on-line CER measurements. There were significant differences between maximum biomass density, maintenance coefficients, and specific growth rates for liquid and solid cultures. The maximum biomass density (mg dw ml⁻¹) was 11 times greater for solid cultivation compared with liquid cultivation of L. giganteum; however, the maintenance coefficient (mg CO₂ h⁻¹ (mg dw)⁻¹) was six times greater for liquid cultivation than in solid cultivation. The specific growth rate at 30°C was approximately 30% greater in liquid cultivation compared with solid cultivation. Slower depletion of substrate and lower endogenous metabolism may explain the longer shelf life of L. giganteum produced in solid culture. A simple logistic model was developed which allows real-time estimation of L. giganteum biomass from on-line CER measurements. Parameter estimates for liquid and solid cultivation models also elucidated observations of longer shelf life for production in solid culture.