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Isolation and characterization of a bacterial strain of the genus Ochrobactrum with methyl parathion mineralizing activity

Qiu, X.-H., Bai, W.-Q., Zhong, Q.-Z., Li, M., He, F.-Q., Li, B.-T.
Journal of applied microbiology 2006 v.101 no.5 pp. 986-994
Ochrobactrum anthropi, bacteria, chromosomes, gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry, genes, high performance liquid chromatography, hydroquinone, metabolites, mineralization, nitroaromatic compounds, nucleotide sequences, p-nitrophenol, parathion-methyl, plasmid curing, plasmids, remediation, ribosomal RNA, soil
To isolate and characterize a methyl parathion (MP)-mineralizing bacterium, and to elucidate the degradative pathway of MP and localize the responsible degrading genes. A bacterial strain, designated B2, capable of mineralizing MP was isolated from the MP-polluted soil. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence and phenotypic analysis suggested that strain B2 had a close relationship with Ochrobactrum anthropi. B2 could totally degrade MP and four metabolites [p-nitrophenol (PNP), 4-nitrocatechol (4-NC), 1,2,4-benzenetriol (BT) and hydroquinone (HQ)] were identified by HPLC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses. Plasmid curing of strain B2 resulted in the loss of ability of B2 to degrade PNP, but not the ability to hydrolyse MP. Ochrobactrum sp. B2 can mineralize MP rapidly via PNP, 4-NC, BT and HQ pathway. B2 harbours a plasmid encoding the ability to degrade PNP, while MP-hydrolysing activity is encoded on the bacterial chromosome. This new bacterial strain (B2) capable of mineralizing MP will be useful in a pure-culture remediation process of organophosphate pesticides and their metabolites such as nitroaromatics.