Jump to Main Content
Determination and thin layer chromatographic confirmation of identity of aflatoxins B1 and M1 in artificially contaminated beef livers: collaborative study
- Stubblefield, R.D., Kwolek, W.F., Stoloff, L.
- Journal of the Association of Offical Analytical Chemists 1982 v.65 no.6 pp. 1435
- aflatoxin B1, aflatoxin M1, food contamination, animal products, beef cattle, liver, analytical methods, thin layer chromatography, international cooperation, United States
- An international collaborative study involving 13 laboratories was conducted to test methods for the determination and thin layer chromatographic (TLC) confirmation of identity of aflatoxins B1 and M1 in beef liver. For the determination, each collaborator furnished fresh or frozen beef liver. Samples were artificially contaminated by adding solutions containing various concentrations of aflatoxins B1 and M1 (0.032-0.69 ng/g). Two TLC confirmation methods were tested with extracts obtained from the determination. Two measurement methods using 2-dimensional TLC were evaluated. In the first, sample extracts were compared directly with B1 and M1 standards on TLC plates; in the second, internal standards plus sample extracts were compared with B1 and M1 standards on the plates. Average within-laboratory coefficients of variation (CV) for the direct method were 26% for B1 and 26% for M1 compared with 24 and 26%, respectively, for the internal standard method. The average between-laboratory CV values were 39% for B1 and 41% for M1 by the direct method and 36% for B1 and 39% for M1 by the internal method and 36% for B1 and 39% for M1 by the internal standard method. Recoveries ranged from 64 to 90% for B1 and from 72 to 86% for M1. These data indicate that the more convenient direct method was sufficient, and internal standards were unnecessary. An analysis of variance was calculated from combined sample data to determine components of variance. The within-laboratory CV values were 27.0 and 32.3% for B1 and M1, respectively, and the between-laboratory CV values were 47.1 and 53.2%, respectively. Both TLC confirmation methods gave satisfactory results and have been adopted official first action, along with the determination method.