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Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, and Listeria monocytogenes Recruit a Junctional Protein, Zonula Occludens-1, to Actin Tails and Pedestals
- Hanajima-Ozawa, Miyuki, Matsuzawa, Takeshi, Fukui, Aya, Kamitani, Shigeki, Ohnishi, Hiroe, Abe, Akio, Horiguchi, Yasuhiko, Miyake, Masami
- Infection and immunity 2007 v.75 no.2 pp. 565-573
- Listeria monocytogenes, Shigella flexneri, actin, cytoplasm, enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, epithelial cells, plasma membrane, polymerization, tight junctions
- Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, and Listeria monocytogenes induce localized actin polymerization at the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane or within the host cytoplasm, creating unique actin-rich structures termed pedestals or actin tails. The process is known to be mediated by the actin-related protein 2 and 3 (Arp2/3) complex, which in these cases acts downstream of neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP) or of a listerial functional homolog of WASP family proteins. Here, we show that zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), a protein in the tight junctions of polarized epithelial cells, is recruited to actin tails and pedestals. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that ZO-1 was stained most in the distal part of the actin-rich structures, and the incorporation was mediated by the proline-rich region of the ZO-1 molecule. The direct clustering of membrane-targeted Nck, which is known to activate the N-WASP-Arp2/3 pathway, triggered the formation of the ZO-1-associated actin tails. The results suggest that the activation of the Arp2/3 complex downstream of N-WASP or a WASP-related molecule is a key to the formation of the particular actin-rich structures that bind with ZO-1. We propose that an analysis of the recruitment on a molecular basis will lead to an understanding of how ZO-1 recognizes a distinctive actin-rich structure under pathophysiological conditions.