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Simple-sequence Repeat Marker Analysis of Genetic Relationships within Hydrangea paniculata

Reed, Sandra M., Rinehart, Timothy A.
HortScience 2009 v.44 no.1 pp. 27
Hydrangea paniculata, ornamental woody plants, nursery crops, microsatellite repeats, genetic markers, genetic distance, cultivars, breeding lines, wild plants, alleles, genetic variation, genotype, phenotype, flowering, phenology, provenance, Taiwan, Japan
Genetic diversity studies using 26 simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers were conducted with 36 cultivars, breeding lines, and wild-collected accessions of Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. The SSR markers were highly variable among the genotypes, producing a mean of 5.8 alleles per marker. Three cultivars (Boskoop, Compact Grandiflora, and Webb) were either identical to or sports of the popular cultivar Grandiflora. The name 'Pee Wee' appears to have been applied to two phenotypically different compact forms of H. paniculata, one of which seems to be a sport of 'Tardiva', whereas the other is likely derived from 'Grandiflora'. No close genetic similarity was observed among several cultivars from a long-term Belgium breeding program, although many had one parent in common. Early-flowering genotypes clustered separately from genotypes that flower in midsummer, but close genetic relationships were not observed among early-flowering cultivars. Two genotypes from Taiwan were genetically similar but were distinctly different from the Japanese genotypes. These, along with the early-flowering genotypes and a new collection from Japan, may represent unexploited sources of germplasm for improvement of H. paniculata.