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Spontaneous Hybridization between Maize and Teosinte
- Ellstrand, Norman C., Garner, Lauren C., Hegde, Subray, Guadagnuolo, Roberto, Blancas, Lesley
- Journal of heredity 2007 v.98 no.2 pp. 183-187
- Zea mays subsp. mays, Zea mays subsp. mexicana, Zea mays subsp. parviglumis, alleles, allozymes, corn, evolution, field experimentation, herbicide resistance, hybridization, hybrids, plantations, planting, progeny, progeny testing, wild relatives, Mexico
- The closest wild relatives of maize, Zea mays ssp. mays are various Zea taxa known as "teosinte." Hybrids between maize and the teosinte taxon, Zea mays ssp. mexicana, often occur when the 2 are sympatric in Mexico. Measuring the spontaneous hybridization rate of the 2 taxa would shed light on the mechanisms contributing to the evolution and persistence of these hybrid swarms. We conducted a series of field experiments in Riverside, CA, to measure the natural hybridization rates between maize and 2 teosinte taxa, Z. m. ssp. mexicana and Zea mays ssp. parviglumis. We planted teosinte within and near maize plantations. Hybrids were identified by progeny testing for a maize-specific herbicide resistance allele and a teosinte-specific allozyme allele. Hybridity was confirmed by growing putative hybrid progeny to maturity to evaluate whether they had the characteristic morphology of maize x teosinte hybrids. We found that maize and Z. m. ssp. mexicana naturally hybridize at a low rate (<1%), whereas Z. m. ssp. parviglumis hybridizes with the crop at a high rate (>>50%).