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Evaluation of three ultrasound instruments, CVT-2, UltraFom 300 and AutoFom for predicting salable meat yield and weight of lean in the primals of pork carcasses

Fortin, A., Tong, A.K.W., Robertson, W.M.
Meat science 2004 v.68 no.4 pp. 537-549
pig carcasses, carcass weight, carcass yield, pork, meat grades, carcass grading, prediction, ultrasonic equipment, calibration, equipment performance, lean meat, meat cuts, backfat, gender differences, mathematical models, equations, model validation
Three commercially available ultrasound instruments were evaluated using pigs representative of the Canadian pig population: CVT-2, UltraFom 300 and AutoFom. The reflectance probe HGP2 was utilized as the baseline instrument. Sampling was stratified by fat thickness. The original data set (n=236) was divided randomly into a calibration set (n=194 [85 barrows and 109 gilts]) to calibrate the instruments and a validation set (n=72[32 barrows and 40 gilts]) for validating the calibration models. For salable meat yield, RMSE values for the calibration models were: HGP2, 1.56; CVT-2, 1.57; UltraFom, 1.70; and AutoFom, 1.68. For lean (kg) in butt, picnic, loin and ham, and weight (kg) of the skinless, trimmed belly, RMSE for the calibration models was similar for all four instruments: respectively, 0.19-0.21, 0.21-0.23, 0.31-0.37, 0.35-0.40 and 0.35-0.36 kg. Validation results for predicting salable meat yield show that the improvement in precision and/or accuracy associated with the UltraFom 300 or AutoFom, over the baseline reflectance probe HGP2, was negligible whereas a definite advantage was observed for the CVT-2. However, validation results for predicting kg of lean in the primals did not show any clear advantage for the three commerciallly available ultrasound instruments over the baseline reflectance probe HGP2. Calibration and validation procedures showed that, if one was to base the assessment of these three ultrasound instruments uniquely on the precision and accuracy for predicting salable meat yield and/or kg of lean in the primals, any amelioration over the baseline reflectance probe HGP2 would have to be viewed as rather negligible; particularly for the Ultrafom 300 or AutoFom.