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Synthesis and degradation of acyl peptide using enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Islam, Nazneen Naher, Igarashi, Koichi, Tachibana, Taro, Ooshima, Hiroshi, Azuma, Masayuki
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2008 v.105 no.3 pp. 282-287
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, adenosine triphosphate, alanine, amino acid sequences, aqueous solutions, biodegradation, bioengineering, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, cations, decanoic acid, dodecanoic acid, glycine (amino acid), myristic acid, pH, peptides, substrate specificity, synthesis, temperature
The detailed properties of the enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which catalyzes the N-acyl linkage between myristic acid and the N-terminal glycine residue of the octapeptide GNAAAARR-NH₂ (PKA) in aqueous solution without ATP and CoA, were studied. The substrate specificity for the acyl peptide in the synthetic reaction was examined, and it was found that at least eight amino acid residues are required for the reaction and that the N-terminal glycine residue is not absolutely essential for the reaction because the activity was detected using the octapeptide that has an N-terminal alanine. The activity was also strongly affected by the amino acid sequence because the activity was very weak in the reaction using GARASVLS-NH₂ (HIV-1p17gag). The substrate specificity for fatty acids was also examined. In the reactions using lauric acid and decanoic acid, only slight activities were detected; however, those activities were very small compared with the activity in the reaction using myristic acid. In addition, the degradation of myristoyl PKA by the enzyme was detected, although there are only a few reports on demyristoylation. The optimum pH and temperature of the degradation reaction were consistent with those of the synthetic reaction. The degradation reaction was inhibited by divalent cations.